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Structural Data: Non-domestic building

Non-domestic buildings are used more than half for non-domestic purposes (StaBu IV C5).

One important tool to help categorise non-domestic buildings is the Bauwerkszuordnungskatalog (Bogenstätter 2007). This catalogue classifies residential and non-domestic buildings as well as service/technical buildings according to their type of use. Nine different types of usage form the basic classification. Other levels of categorisation are subdivided into primary and secondary groups (see illustration below).

In official statistical reports on the building sector (standard evaluation, StaBu o. J.), non-domestic buildings are classified into eight types. These are: institutional buildings, office and administrative buildings, agricultural service buildings, factories and workshops, retail and storage buildings, hotels and restaurants, other non-agricultural service buildings as well as other non-domestic buildings (see illustration below).

This classification is adopted here. Eight different types of non-domestic building form the basic level of classification. They are specified according to the type of usage. These non-domestic buildings are generated in two different ways. On the one hand, so-called synthetic average buildings are determined using data on objects of the same usage in the BKI building databank (Gruhler, Deilmann 2015; Deilmann et al. 2015; Gruhler, Deilmann 2017; Schiller et al. 2015; Schiller et al. 2016). On the other hand, concrete representative buildings are calculated using construction documentation. The generated non-domestic buildings can be employed in diverse studies to represent our built physical environment (Ortlepp, Gruhler, Schiller 2016a; Ortlepp et al. 2017; Schiller, Gruhler, Ortlepp 2017; Schiller, Müller, Ortlepp 2016).

Non-domestic buildings classified by form of use

Institutional buildings are those whose primary purpose is not as dwellings. They are used to accommodate and cater for certain person for non-residential purposes (for example medical treatment or convalescence) (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Institutional buildings include: hospitals, care homes (institutional buildings for the integration and care of the disabled; nursing homes for the elderly and the ill); homes for infants, young children and teenagers; children’s homes; convalescent homes for young mothers; holiday and recreation homes; homes belonging to educational institutions, barracks and emergency services as well as other institutional buildings (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Show fact sheet on care homes

Office and administrative buildings are non-domestic buildings that primarily contain office space and rooms for administrative activities (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Office and administrative buildings include: Office and administrative buildings belonging to the agricultural, forestry and fisheries sectors; office and administrative buildings belonging to the manufacturing sector; office and administrative buildings belonging to the retail, transport and communications sectors; office and administrative buildings belonging to German railways and the German postal service; office and administrative buildings belonging to banks and building societies, insurance companies and service providers as well as office and administrative buildings belonging to regional authorities, social insurance agencies and non-profit organisations (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). These are, for example, office and administrative buildings, corporate headquarters, municipal offices, banks, publishing houses, parliament buildings or court buildings.  

Show fact sheet on office and administrative buildings

Agricultural service buildings are non-domestic buildings primarily dedicated to the following sectors: market gardening, farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries. They are used, for example, for storage or to house animals, machines, tools as well as intermediate and end products of agricultural and forestry enterprises (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). Such buildings can be agricultural halls, cattle/pig sheds, barns or greenhouses. 

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Factory and workshop buildings are non-domestic buildings directly related to the extraction and distribution of energy and water, or to the production and repair of goods, or to the removal of waste (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Factory and workshop buildings include: workshop buildings belonging to the police, to border protection agencies, fire brigades and civil protection agencies; buildings for energy production and distribution; buildings for water collection and distribution; buildings for sewage removal; buildings for waste removal; abattoirs as well as other factory and workshop buildings (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). These are, for example, workshop buildings, machine or pump houses, factory buildings, production halls or assembly halls.

Show fact sheet on production halls

Show fact sheet on fire/ambulance stations

Retail and storage buildings are non-domestic buildings used for the presentation and/or sale of primary goods as well as for the storage of all types of goods (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Retail and storage buildings include: market and exhibition halls; retail outlets; petrol stations; other retails buildings; warehouses for public food provision; warehouses for the police, border protection agencies, the fire service and civil population protection as well as other storage buildings (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). These are, for example, market halls, exhibition halls, car showrooms, department stores, supermarket buildings, warehouses, cold stores or grain silos.   

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Show fact sheet on supermarket buildings

Hotels and restaurants are buildings with and without accommodation which are open to the public and in which food and beverages are provided to overnight guests and, in some cases, to passers-by (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Hotels and guest houses include: hotels; restaurants; boarding houses; bed and breakfast establishments; restaurants without overnight accommodation as well as canteen buildings (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). These buildings are, for example, hotels, restaurants, cafés, ice-cream parlours, alpine lodges, clubhouses or university refectories.

Show fact sheet on hotels and guest houses

Other non-agricultural service buildings include, alongside buildings for entertainment purposes, buildings and garages that serve the goods and passenger transport sector and the communications sector as well as to house motorised vehicles (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Buildings for entertainment purposes as well as transportation and garages include cinemas, casinos and other buildings for entertainment purposes; garages used by the police, the federal border agency, fire brigades and civil population protection authorities; garages used by the German railways and German postal service; other garage buildings; arrivals halls; other transportation buildings of German railways, the German postal service and the communications sector as well as other transportation buildings (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978). These are, for example, cinemas and casinos, garages, underground car parks, (multi-storey) car parks, railway arrival halls, engine sheds or signal boxes.  

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Show fact sheet on (multi-storey) car parks

Other non-domestic buildings include nurseries and kindergartens, school buildings, college/university buildings, research institutes, museums, theatres, opera houses, libraries, congress centres, churches and other religious buildings, medical treatment institutes, buildings for therapeutic baths or healthcare, sports buildings as well as recreation and community centres (StaBu IV V5, StaBu 1978).

Examples of other non-domestic buildings are nurseries, kindergartens, crèches, schools, vocational colleges, lecture halls, seminar buildings, laboratories, galleries, libraries, chapels, medical practices, sports and multi-purpose halls, swimming pools or clubhouses.

Show fact sheet on schools

Show fact sheet on sports and multi-purpose halls

Comparison of selected non-domestic buildings