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Fire/ambulance stations

... are understood as fire stations and storage buildings for fire-fighting apparatus, dormitory and living facilities, ambulance stations, i.e. buildings required to house the fire service or the emergency services. The buildings have areas to house emergency vehicles, training, recreation and sanitary rooms for the crew, as well as administrative areas and workshops. The buildings housing the emergency vehicles are usually hall-like constructions within which additional multi-storey areas are used for other functions (such as training, accommodation and rest areas, sanitary facilities).

The halls of the analysed fire/rescue stations are primarily reinforced-concrete structures in which reinforced-concrete columns are combined with solid external walls (reinforced concrete, masonry) or insulating sandwich elements. The external walls of the multi-storey areas are mainly constructed in plastered, panelled or exposed masonry. The ceilings are generally reinforced concrete, whereas the roofs are more frequently wooden constructions.

The composition of this synthetic building can be seen here.

Areas and volumes

Areas and volumes according to DIN 277

Usable area 869 m²
Service area 45 m²
Circulation area 108 m²
Net floor area 1,013 m²
Construction area 142 m²
Gross floor area 1,155 m²
Gross volume 4,772 m³

Areas of building components

Foundation 749 m²
Exterior walls 1,079 m²
Interior walls 841 m²
Ceiling 782 m²
Roof 870 m²


Building materials according to building material groups

Concrete 1,210.7 t
Bricks 228.6 t
Asbestos 0.0 t
Other minerals 1,047.2 t
Wood, engineered woods 29.8 t
Other renewables 0.0 t
Plastics 6.4 t
Bituminous minerals 2.7 t
Ferrous metals 130.1 t
Non-ferrous metals 4.6 t
Total 2,660.2 t

Building materials according to building components

Foundation 1,196.4t
Exterior walls 422.9 t
Interior walls 175.1 t
Ceiling 632.4 t
Roof 233.5 t
Total 2,660.2 t