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… are buildings that are fitted with standard classrooms as well as rooms for technical instruction (e.g. physics/chemistry labs). In addition, such buildings contain staff rooms, conference rooms and preparation rooms. Other required facilities are sanitary rooms, as well as space for technical fittings and caretaker services. Usually schools also possess an assembly hall or similar large space for gatherings and performances. The entrance area of schools is often large and well furnished. 

Schools are generally multi-storey in design, constructed as reinforced-concrete load-bearing frames with masonry walls. Hence, the primary building materials are reinforced concrete and brick (Gruhler, Deilmann 2015).

The composition of this synthetic building can be seen here.

Areas and volumes

Areas and Volumes according to DIN 277

Usable area 2,356 m²
Service area 69 m²
Circulation area 974 m²
Net floor area 3,332 m²
Construction area 455 m²
Gross floor area 3,792 m²
Gross volume 15,412 m³

Areas of building components

Foundation 2,067 m²
Exterior walls 3,002 m²
Interior walls 3,356 m²
Ceilings 3,036 m²
Roof 2,547 m²


Building materials classified into groups

Concrete 4,840.1 t
Bricks 810.2 t
Asbestos 0.0 t
Other minerals 2,782.8 t
Wood, engineered woods 108.3 t
Other renewables 0.0 t
Plastics 22.0 t
Bituminous minerals 0.0 t
Ferrous metals 482.1 t
Non-ferrous metals 9.6 t
Total 9,055.2 t

Building material according to building components

Foundation 2,627.8 t
Exterior walls 1,586.4 t
Interior walls 1,145.0 t
Ceilings 2,472.9 t
Roof 1,223.1 t
Total 9,055.2 t