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Underground car parks

… are buildings which provide space for the vehicle parking. They are partly constructed below the surface, i.e. they have one or several underground storeys. In general, underground car parks have only one underground storey and a capacity for around ten to 120 cars. They belong to laboratories or institutes (or similar institutions) or to residential complexes.

Underground car parks are reinforced-concrete structures which, reflecting the building code, are resistant to earth pressure and are damp-proofed. However, they are not thermally insulated (Gruhler, Deilmann 2015).

The composition of this synthetic building can be seen here.

Areas and Volumes

Areas and volumes according to DIN 277

Usable area 814 m²
Sevice area 43 m²
Circulation area 616 m²
Net floor area 1,449 m²
Construction area 99 m²
Gross floor area 1,548 m²
Gross volume 4,471 m³

Areas of building components

Foundation 1,538 m²
Exterior walls 625 m²
Interior walls 408 m²
Ceilings 103 m²
Roof 1,507 m²

Materials

Building materials classified into groups

Concrete 3,126.9 t
Bricks 2.7 t
Asbestos 0.0 t
Other minerals 1,632.8 t
Wood, engineered woods 0.0 t
Other renewables 0.0 t
Plastics 1.7 t
Bituminous minerals 14.9 t
Ferrous metals 251.2 t
Non-ferrous metals  0.0 t
Total  5,030.2 t

Building materials according to building components

Foundation 3,032.9 t
Exterior walls 475.2 t
Interior walls 191.4 t
Ceilings 86.3 t
Roof 1,244.5 t
Total 5,030.2 t