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... are large retail outlets. They sell a wide range of foodstuffs and cigarettes/alcoholic beverages as well as consumer goods for short and medium-term household needs. They usually operate as self-service stores, have large sales areas as well as separate rooms for the preparation, refrigeration and storage of goods. Furthermore, sanitary, staff, office and technical areas are always required.

Due to the extensive sales areas, the analysed supermarkets are constructed as large, hall-like rooms (more or less column-free) for sales as well as annexes and extensions for additional functions. The outer walls are usually reinforced-concrete columns in combination with solid masonry, reinforced-concrete walls or reinforced-concrete sandwich elements. The roofs are constructed from reinforced concrete with roof panels or trapezoidal sheet metal sandwich elements, or in some cases wooden constructions with suspended ceilings.

The composition of this synthetic building can be seen here.

Areas and volumes

Areas and volumes according to DIN 277

Usable area 2,562 m²
Service area 141 m²
Circulation area 331 m²
Net floor area 3,200 m²
Construction area 267 m²
Gross floor area 3,467 m²
Gross volume 15,268 m³

Areas of building components

Foundation 2,655 m²
Exterior walls 1,528 m²
Interior walls 1,504 m²
Ceilings 1,640 m²
Roof 2,897 m²


Building materials according to building material groups

Concrete3,585.5 t
Bricks246.6 t
Asbestos0.0 t
Other minerals2,836.4 t
Wood, engineered woods36.6 t
Other renewables0.0 t
Plastics17.2 t
Bituminous minerals0.0 t
Ferrous metals324.1 t
Non-ferrous metals9.8 t
Total7,083.0 t

Building materials according to building elements

Foundation 4,374.2 t
Exterior walls 856.8 t
Interior walls 500.6 t
Ceilings 729.8 t
Roof 621.6 t
Total 7,083.0 t