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… are buildings that contain a hall in which diverse objects, products and goods are stored for a certain period of time. These buildings range from “pure” warehouses (e.g. for beverages) to warehouses combined with office space, workshops and social areas up to complex storage centres (e.g. logistic centres). Depending on the functionality, the hall can feature a number of interior multi-storey partitions and exterior annexes.

The halls are generally constructed as steel and reinforced concrete load-bearing structures. Steel or reinforced concrete supports are combined with solid exterior walls or sandwich elements. The exterior walls of multi-storey buildings are constructed in masonry with rear-ventilated facades (Gruhler, Deilmann 2015).

Composition of the synthetic building: warehouses

Areas and volumes

Areas and volumes according to DIN 277

Usable area 1,916 m²
Service area 30 m²
Circulation area 140 m²
Net floor area 2,050 m²
Construction area 93 m²
Gross floor area 2,131 m²
Gross volume 15,255 m³

Areas of building components

Foundation 2,173 m²
Exterior walls 1,620 m²
Interior walls 723 m²
Ceilings 304 m²
Roof 2,223 m²


Building materials classified into groups

Concrete 2,033.7 t
Bricks 79.4 t
Asbestos 0.0 t
Other minerals 2,416.9 t
Wood, engineered woods 5.6 t
Other renewables 0.0 t
Plastics 9.2 t
Bituminous minerals 2.0 t
Ferrous metals 353.8 t
Non-ferrous metals 5.2 t
Total 4,905.8 t

Building materials according to building components

Foundation 3,691.5 t
Exterior walls 318.6 t
Interior walls 149.3 t
Ceiling 240.2 t
Roof 506.3 t
Total 4,905.8 t